The best defense against being manipulated online is to think critically about what you are seeing and reading. That isn’t to say that there is nothing light-hearted left in the world, but just like venturing out in real life, you should always be aware of your surroundings. These questions will help you differentiate between mud-slinging, advertising, and actual content.
Are you aware of your own bias? If the content is something you agree with, are there facts to support your view, or are you sharing because you already believe it?
Think about who benefits from the claims being made: George Orwell once said, “Journalism is printing what someone else does not want printed: everything else is public relations.” Without creditable proof and sources, sweeping statements of flattery may not be the whole truth.
Does the information presented seem too good to be true? Truth is in the details, and if the details seem vague and fuzzy, it is probably a good sign that the information is being misrepresented as truth.